Strict DUI Policies Result in Fewer Deaths on the Road
Arizona is recognized as one of the US states having the toughest DUI policies. A new study published in JAMA Internal Medicine in July 2018 suggests that such policies could be saving lives.
The repeat, cross-sectional analysis examined state alcohol-related offense policies and the number of fatalities that occurred there between 2000 and 2015.
According to the researchers, a 10-percentage point increase in the strictness of driving under the influence sanctions contributed to a 10 percent reduction in the risk of a crash fatality. Until this conclusion was reached, there was no research linking restrictive legislative measures to a reduction in the number of alcohol-related deaths on the road.
In the period from 2000 to 2015, there were 505,614 car crash deaths in the US. Of these, 35.4 percent or 178,795 deaths were related to the use of alcohol. An increase in restrictive state policies was linked to an individual reduction in the number of fatalities. The results were consistent across different demographic groups and crash types.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that in 2016, more than one million people in the US were arrested for drug and alcohol-related violations. Over 111 million instances of self-reported drunk driving also occurred during the year. Each year, more than 10,000 people lose their lives due to drunk driving – 29 people die on the road under such circumstances every single day.
Researchers worked on examining the policies that could impact alcohol-related fatalities.
Some of the policies that had a positive correlation to the reduction in the number of fatalities included strict enforcement of the minimum drinking age, a zero-tolerance policy for underage drinking and even laws targeting the possession of fake IDs. Researchers concluded that even regulations that are indirectly related to driving under the influence can have a positive effect and save lives.
The Strict Regulatory Framework in Arizona
States like Arizona enforce al of the regulations mentioned above, which turns it into one of the toughest parts of the country as far as drug and alcohol-related offenses go.
Arizona has zero-tolerance for drunk driving. The zero percent limit applies to underage drivers but keep in mind that you could get arrested on DUI charges even if your BAC reading is below the legal limit of 0.08 percent.
Arizona has three types of DUI convictions, each one dependent on the BAC reading. Standard DUI applies to BAC of 0.08 percent or more. The sanction in this case is a minimum jail time of 10 days, a fine of approximately 1,500 dollars, screening and counseling, license suspension and the installation of ignition interlock device (IID).
Second-time offenders will experience the more serious consequences of driving under the influence. In such a situation, the penalties will increase to 90 days of jail time, a fine of 3,500 dollars, license revocation for a period of one year and the installation of IID for 12 months.
Extreme DUI is a term that refers to BAC of 0.15 percent or higher. There’s a minimum sentence of 30 days in jail, a fine of over 2,700 dollars, license suspension, IID installation and court-mandated drug or alcohol counseling.
Super extreme DUI refers to driving with BAC of 0.20 percent or higher. A first-time offender will face 45 days in jail, a fine of over 3,200 dollars, screening and counseling, license suspension and the installation of IID for 18 months. A second time offender will have to spend at least 180 days in jail, the fine will climb up to 4,650 dollars and the IID will remain in the car for 24 months.